Saint Andrew was the brother of Saint Peter and is regarded as the first of the twelve apostles. Like Peter, Andrew was a fisherman from Bethsaida in Galilee. Andrew was a disciple of John the Baptist who had followed Jesus on John’s recommendation. According to a New Testament account:
Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, was one of the two who heard what John had said and who had followed Jesus. The first Andrew did was to find his brother Simon and tell him, “We have found the Messiah.” And he brought him to Jesus. (John 1:40-42)
According to tradition, St. Andrew conducted missionary work around the Black Sea. Early apocryphal accounts describing Andrew’s life include the Acts of Andrew, Acts of Andrew and Matthias, and Acts of Peter and Andrew.According to the Acts of Andrew, parts of which are now lost, he was martyred by crucifixion in Patras, Achaia (Greece). His death is generally dated to 60, or perhaps 70, AD. No earlier than the 10th century, St. Andrew’s cross came to be described as X-shaped. Both Catholic and Orthodox churches recognize St. Andrew’s feast day (the traditional day of his martyrdom) on November 30.
Like most important saints, Andrew was not left in his tomb to rest in peace. According to St. Jerome, Andrew’s remains were taken from Patras to Constantinople in the fourth century by order of the Roman emperor Constantine an, according to tradition, a few body parts were taken by St. Rule to Scotland before they made it to Constantinople. These relics were held in St. Andrew’s Cathedral, but were likely destroyed in the Scottish Reformation. In 1208, St. Andrew’s remains were moved from Constantinople to the Church of Sant’ Andrea in Amalfi, Italy. In the 15th century, Andrew’s head was brought to St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican.
In 1879, the Archbishop of Amalfi sent Andrew’s shoulder blade to the reestablished Catholic community in Scotland. In September 1964, Pope Paul VI returned Andrew’s head to Patras as a gesture of goodwill to the Christians in Greece. In 1969, when Gordon Gray was in Rome to be appointed the first Scottish Cardinal since the Reformation, he was given some relics of St. Andrew with the words, “Saint Peter gives you his brother.” These are now displayed in a reliquary in St. Mary’s Roman Catholic Cathedral in Edinburgh.
Saint Andrew is the patron saint of Russia and Scotland, as well as fishermen, singers, unmarried women, and would-be mothers.
There are a variety of explanations as to how St. Andrew came to be associated with Scotland. According to the most traditional tale, when Constantine ordered Andrew’s relics to be moved to Constantinople, an angel appeared to St. Rule (or Regulus) in a dream and told him to take some of the relics to the ends of the earth for safekeeping. He obediently took a tooth, an arm bone, a kneecap and some fingers from Andrew’s tomb and sailed north with the remains until he was shipwrecked on the east coast of Scotland. There he established the city of St. Andrew’s, and the relics were placed in a specially constructed chapel.
In 1160, the chapel was replaced by St. Andrew’s Cathedral, which became an important medieval pilgrimmage destination. Much of the cathedral is in ruins today, but “St. Rule’s Tower” is one of the buildings that remains. As noted above, St. Andrew’s relics were probably destroyed during the Scottish Reformation, but a plaque among the ruins of the cathedral shows modern visitors where the relics were kept.
One of the earliest times St. Andrew was recognized as the patron saint of Scotland was at the signing of the Declaration of Arbroath in 1320. Signed by Robert the Bruce and other Scottish noblemen, the Declaration asserted Scotland’s independence from England.
According to legend, however, St. Andrew became the patron saint of Scotland much earlier, in 832 AD. In a story that resembles the famous tale of Emperor Constantine and the Chi Rho, it is said that an army of Scots was facing an English army when the Scottish king prayed to St. Andrew for help. Seeing a cloud in the shape of the saltire (X-shaped) cross against a clear blue sky, the king vowed that if the Scots were victorious, St. Andrew would be made the patron saint of Scotland. The Scots won the battle, the king fulfilled his promise, and the intervention of St. Andrew has been represented on the Scottish flag ever since.
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In case you didn’t understand what all the non reporting of what Planned Parenthood has been found doing last summer, here’s a brilliant video telling you everything in their own words.
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Since The Cardinal Winning Prolife Initiative first started in 1997, we have been fortunate to have received many, many kind donations which have sustained the initiative through the ups and downs of the helping women with crisis pregnancies.
However, we have now reached the point when we are struggling to cope with the donations of clothes and bric-a-brac that are handed into the centre. Therefore we are asking if for the foreseeable future could the donations of clothes and bric-a-brac cease until further notice please. We will only be accepting donations of TOYS AND BABY EQUIPMENT UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE.
Many thanks for your understanding in this matter.
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Born about 1045, died 16 Nov., 1092, was a daughter of Edward “Outremere”, or “the Exile”,and by Agatha .
Margaret came with her father to England after the conquest of it by the Normans. Her mother, Agatha decided to return to the continent but a storm drove their ship to Scotland where King Malcolm 3rd received the party.
While King Malcom was hospitable to all his new guests, he was rather more hospitable to Margaret, marrying her in 1070 to make her Queen of Scotland. Margaret impressed not only Malcolm but many other members of the Scottish Court both for her knowledge of continental customs gained in the court of Hungary, and also for her piety. She became highly influential, both indirectly by her influence on Malcolm as well as through direct activities on her part. Prominent among these activities was religious reform. Margaret instigated reforms within the Scottish church, as well as development of closer ties to the larger Roman Church in order to avoid a schism between the Celtic Church and Rome. Further, Margaret was a patroness both of the célidé, Scottish Christian hermits, and also the Benedictine Order.
Margaret was also active in works of charity. Margaret frequently visited and cared for the sick, and on a larger scale had hostels constructed for the poor. She was also in the habit, particularly during Advent and Lent, of holding feasts for as many as 300 commoners in the royal castle.
Hostilities again arose between Scotland and England, and in the ensuing unpleasantness Malcolm was killed along with Edward, the eldest son of Malcom and Margaret.
Margaret had already been ill when Malcolm and Edward went off to battle. Her surviving children tried to hide the fact of their deaths, for fear of worsening her condition. But Margaret learnt the truth, and whether due to her illness or a broken heart, Margaret died four days after her husband and son, on November 16, 1093.
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What an amazing day at our 3rd annual St Margaret’s Ladies Lunch! No less than 140 amazing ladies attended today for a great three course lunch and two fantastic talks. Jacqueline Stewart spoke so eloquently on the Family and Sr Andrea touched our hearts by explaining a little about the Rachel’s Vineyard retreats. It was a great opportunity for the ladies to meet each other and network. Stay tuned for more pictures soon.
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News from Ireland on the prolife front is not good these days. The fight to keep abortion out is intense and ongoing as the pro abortionists try everything and I mean everything to bring abortion across the water. As well as keeping this situation in our prayers it is good to keep up to date with what is happening and Cora Sherlock’s article on Lifenews.com is excellent, do have a read…
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